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  • daviding 7:47 pm on July 16, 2015 Permalink | Reply
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    2015/07/05 10:35 Norihiko Kimura and Takashi Iba, “The Fundamental Behavioral Properties”, Purplsoc 

    Presentation at Purplsoc, Norihiko Kimura and Takashi Iba @taka_iba, Keio University.

    This digest was created in real-time during the meeting, based on the speaker’s presentation(s) and comments from the audience. The content should not be viewed as an official transcript of the meeting, but only as an interpretation by a single individual. Lapses, grammatical errors, and typing mistakes may not have been corrected. Questions about content should be directed to the originator. The digest has been made available for purposes of scholarship, posted by David Ing.

    At PURPLSOC (Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change) 2015, Danube University Krems, Austria


    [Norihiko Kimura]

    New properties for capturing and relating wholeness

    The wholeness of Lively Human Activity

    • Have been creating pattern languages on human activity
    • Finding wholeness in people’s activities, hard to separate into parts
    • Beethoven composed while walking

    How can we capture the wholeness?

    • In Nature of Order, defines a basic unit of “center”
    • Liveliness in centers that activate each other

    Beethoven:  composing and walking

    • Mutual helping centers

    Will focus on 3 of 24 properties

    1. Bootstrap:  Centers that radiate their own energy

    • e.g. boy becomes interested in Milky Way from book in library.
    • Finding the library is the bootstrap

    2. Source:  Overwhelmingly strong center

    • Social entrepreneur
    • Entrepreneur becomes the key source of energy

    6. Togetherness

    • Small centers strengthening each other
    • e.g. conferences on pattern languages, community

    How were Behavioral Properties found?

    • Investigated pattern languages
    • Alexander says a Pattern Language is a way defining centers

    1. Find the mechanism behind the patterns

    • Read
    • Group

    2. Refining and revising the properties

    • Verified

    3. Expressing behavioral properties

    What is the usage of behavioral properties?

    • Pattern mining
    • Pattern writing
    • Designing

    Relation between behavioral and Alexander?

    • Geometric at a point in time
    • Behavioral properties over a series of time

    Possible future

    • Alexander talks about color properties in Book 4, essential part of wholeness
    • In human activity, emotions are important to create a lively wholeness

    Anticipate that can reach a comprehensive theory of wholeness

    Norihiko Kimura

     
  • daviding 7:40 pm on July 16, 2015 Permalink | Reply
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    2015/07/05 10:05 Hajo Neis, Takashi Iba and Helene Finidori, “Pattern Languages 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0″, Purplsoc 

    Impromptu workshop at Purplsoc led by Takashi Iba @taka_iba, Helene Finidori @helenefinidori and Hajo Neis,

    This digest was created in real-time during the meeting, based on the speaker’s presentation(s) and comments from the audience. The content should not be viewed as an official transcript of the meeting, but only as an interpretation by a single individual. Lapses, grammatical errors, and typing mistakes may not have been corrected. Questions about content should be directed to the originator. The digest has been made available for purposes of scholarship, posted by David Ing.

    At PURPLSOC (Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change) 2015, Danube University Krems, Austria


    [Hajo Neis]

    A last-minute panel on a fourth generation of pattern language (which came up in discussion yesterday, beyond Takashi Iba’s third generation)

    Two years ago, had a conference in Portland, with Jenny Quillien

    • Where is pattern language going?
    • Was mostly architects
    • Jenny said you really need a Pattern Language 2.0
    • Alexander was working on a dynamic pattern language, that we haven’t discussed

    [Helene Finidori]

    Based on focused on complexity in early Alexander

    • Interested in systemic change
    • 4.0 adds to time and dynamic dimension to pattern language
    • Was talking with Howard Davis about dynamics underneath
    • Negotiations into policy, may have changes in words, may not preserve the dynamics
    • Objects that dynamic the forms, not just structures and behaviours, and how they shape each other
    • e.g. financial system, now crashing
    • Everything was in a black box
    • If had dynamics, could capture them
    • Introduce the evolution of systems into the picture
    • Add design into the system, add into stimergy, self-organizing over time
    • Enable collecting agencies across domains and practice
    • Orient designs for collect interpretation and navigation of systems directionality
    • Had submitted for EU grant proposal

    Gaps:  pattern language isn’t grounded in natural patterns

    • One natural pattern is professions
    • We need them to do it

    Rethink visualization

    Service systems thinking across communities

    Meta level

    Weakness? Empirical basis, micro-structures to link them (e.g. periodic table)

    A unified field theory for pattern language that doesn’t exist?

    • Chaos of professionalization
    • Everyday patterns in everyday life?
    • What is a cross-professional language?  What engages the full humanity? What’s not in the picture right now, e.g. emotional, which is not “scientific”, but is included

    Frescos with essence of the bible

    Designers already know how to work across disciplinary team, with specialists

    [Hajo] Think less about overarching, but more interested in connecting pattern languages in domains

    Hajo Neis, University of Oregon, Department of Architecture

    Helene Finidori

    Takashi Iba, Keio University

     
  • daviding 7:27 pm on July 16, 2015 Permalink | Reply
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    2015/07/05 08:40 Howard Davis, “Pattern Languages and the New Productive City”, Purplsoc 

    Plenary at Purplsoc, Howard Davis @HowardDavis, Professor of Architecture, Collaborative for Inclusive Urbanism, University of Oregon.

    This digest was created in real-time during the meeting, based on the speaker’s presentation(s) and comments from the audience. The content should not be viewed as an official transcript of the meeting, but only as an interpretation by a single individual. Lapses, grammatical errors, and typing mistakes may not have been corrected. Questions about content should be directed to the originator. The digest has been made available for purposes of scholarship, posted by David Ing.

    At PURPLSOC (Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change) 2015, Danube University Krems, Austria

    Introduction by Hajo Neis

    • Howard Davis researched buildings, focused on social and cultural capabilities in cities
    • The Culture of Building, not only by architects, but also by coordinating systems
    • New forms of urban economy
    • Combining commercial and residential uses
    • Needs of low income groups, and sustainable regenerative buildings
    • Coauthor of Production of Houses
    • Mexico and India participatory design

    [Howard Davis]

    Invitation asked to talk about pattern language, general issues

    • Current research interests
    • Pattern language
    • How approach to pattern language will impact research

    Course of career

    • First educated as scientist, high energy physics
    • Then decided to study architecture, like Alexander
    • Student before Timeless Way was written
    • Worked in Burbank, Mexico, Omaha, San Francisco, Israel, California
    • All work was experimental
    • Philosophy has roots in that

    Since leaving Alexander’s office, focused on spatial structure of cities, and their economic wires

    • e.g. housing project in India, similar to Mexico

    Influenced by Henry Glassie, who sees configurations with historical roots

    Also influenced by architects in System B

    • Even System B architects have some of System A
    • Cracks in the concrete pavement, where little flowers grow, and need to be fed
    • Boundary between System A and B is not sharp, doesn’t mean that they have to be separate
    • Alexander said, a long time before System A and B:  there are two kinds of the people in the world, those who think there are two kinds of people in the world, and those who don’t

    Working with Bill Hilliard, space syntax

    • Now seeing that some people criticize Bill Hilliard, in the same way that some criticized Alexander
    • Full range of cultural manifestations

    A few years ago, Living Over the Store

    • Social and geographic contexts
    • Economy of local cities, with building inside

    Latest interest:  industry in the contemporary city

    • Nature of globalized structure
    • Collapse of building in Dhaka, Bangladesh 2013, over 2000 workers killed
    • Work has moved from United States to other countries, in a race to the bottom
    • Profound impact on American cities, and elsewhere
    • How cities and business would change

    Several factors:

    • Globalization has changed cities into places of consumption, rather than production
    • Then workplace regulation in Bangladesh, that increases their costs
    • New York garment workers were producing for local and regional
    • Question global production systems and cities
    • Globalization does have a positive side: cheap labour, creativity, production techniques, product will improve

    Workflow production will have impacts, with global production and local startups, artist studios, greenhouses

    • Emerging cities of production

    Importance of connection to things, and making things

    Urban ecology

    • Species diversity, flows
    • Arguments based on biological systems, compared to urban systems with social systems
    • City as complex adaptive system
    • In the realm of function that is most important
    • Production and manufacturing is important, adds value
    • Higher level of organization, analogous
    • Input-output flows, contracts, social systems
    • Added value to materials in the process
    • Materials become more organized
    • Biology and material production becomes more order
    • Manufacturing through craft expertise, setting up tools, complex supply chains

    Cities are changing, manufacturing is returning

    • Production is small
    • Won’t replace globalization soon
    • However, is reasonable to ask what type of urban form, what types of buildings would help this

    A new pattern language for urban production and manufacturing

    • New city of production

    Talk first about pattern language in general

    • Doesn’t have status amongst architects, as they do in software

    Main criticisms:

    • Overly nostalgic view of the past
    • Iconoclast, divorced from modernism and contemporary moements
    • Not science
    • A-cultural and a-historical, although some recognition of anthropology

    Responses

    Overly nostalgic?

    • Reinforced by photographs
    • 67 Common Land
    • Be wary of automobile
    • Key photograph doing 2 things:  physical relationship (building playing together, sharing something in common on land), also specific with row houses and church (which invoke people to think the past, not necessarily desirable).
    • See also:  33 Night Life, 92 Bus Stop
    • Asked why patterns with leisure and enjoyment, not labour
    • Was struck by this
    • Some misunderstanding
    • Formal relationship represented, can be tested
    • Something else:  allows interpretation that it is archaic.
    • Images give erroneous bias

    Divorced from contemporary?

    • In 38 years from The Timeless Way of Building to The Mary Rose Museum, very few footnotes
    • Yet ties to systems science, biology, etc.

    Environment, human behavior

    • Gerald Weisman, Jenny Young and others
    • Empiricists
    • What people say about their own desires
    • Correlate with physical environment

    Pattern is physical

    • e.g. light on two sides of room helps against glare
    • Has been used in building science

    Other

    • Typology
    • Not a natural building, but an idea
    • Courtyards Which Live:  all spatial, appealing to people
    • Courtyards are also a type
    • Idea of life may be unique to Alexander, but should recognize as having a different value

    Science?

    • Not systematic investigation?
    • Four story limit:  High people make people crazy
    • Connected buildings:  Disconnected building
    • High degree of variability of research attached, so critics say not good science
    • However, science has different stages:  hints, conjectures, hypotheses, experiments and observations, provisional conclusions
    • Provisional

    Pattern language allows a systems of hints and conjectures, then hypotheses

    • Allows coexistence of variety of patterns at different stages
    • e.g. Long Thin House, privacy, hasn’t been studied specifically
    • Light on Two Sides, Accessible Green, have a lot of empirical work
    • Not the same as * and ** used in pattern language books
    • Instead of bad science, it sets up a program of research in paced

    Universality versus specificity

    • Even Newtonian physics shown limited by Einstein’s time
    • Some patterns are more universal than others, but shouldn’t be taken for granted
    • Range of applicability
    • Cultural difference patterns:  Edge of Building, with activity both with space in house and outside, but different in India and Amsterdam
    • Range should be limited, so pattern can be used appropriately
    • Specific pattern languages for specific cultures

    Now can discuss how pattern languages can be used to shape cities with industry

    • Should be different from 19th century, when had pollution and separated from other parts of the city
    • Pattern languages are not universal, and not timeless

    Pattern language for next stage of industrial formation

    • Industry more integrated than other urban functions
    • Now 30 patterns, very provisional
    • Patterns not of past, may not have seen before
    • e.g. zero-energy building, industry regenerates natural systems
    • Didn’t exist during industrial revolution
    • Emerge from contemporary

    Some have been seen before

    • Local food production
    • Fine grained zoning: Small industry linked with dwelling
    • e.g. neighborhood in Berkeley, where zoning has been changed so that industrial and residential are combined — but still unusual in the U.S., where has been separated for the last 100 years
    • This kind of zoning more coming in the U.S., e.g. Prague

    Combine patterns that have been seen before, and those that haven’t

    • Reflects as science

    Evidence that supports from patterns can come from other disciplines

    • To validate Daylight in All Workplaces, need environmental behavior studies
    • To validate Depth in Local Street Network, will need space syntax literature
    • Across disciplines that otherwise look unconnected

    Science at different levels of development

    • List is provisional
    • Some are reliable
    • No Pollutants: All Pollutants Captured is well studies
    • However, Showing Off Industry hasn’t been validated well, need qualitative or quantitative show of success
    • To be a pattern need to a strong reason, a problem if the pattern didn’t exist
    • Political process might tell which patterns are important
    • History of land use and zoning

    This pattern language is thus only beginning

    • Tentative in nature
    • Beyond the city as a playground of consumption

    When pattern language was firs devleoped in 1960s and 1970s, two concerns:

    • 1. Inadequacy of built environment in serving human purposes
    • 2. Lack of a commonly-accepted knowledge system concerning the built environment

    Have had reductiveness

    • Now have seen social inequality increasing
    • Global climate change impacts life in city
    • Urban production related to both of above: understanding is scattered, without shared knowledge in other shared fields e.g. medicine, engineering
    • City-making has been fragmented since the 1900s, e.g. traffic engineers, zoning officials
    • Professions are important, but they need to understand the big picture
    • Can be done through a shared pattern language

    Answer:

    • 1. Renews respect for the institutions and expertise that build the city
    • 2. Development of new pattern language that are relevant to new problems that face systems …
    • 3. … in ways that are open and scientific

    Howard Davis, University of Oregon, Department of Architecture

     
  • daviding 7:21 pm on July 16, 2015 Permalink | Reply
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    2015/07/04 17:00 Panel, “Christopher Alexander’s Ethics: An Ethic of Design”, Purplsoc 

    Plenary panel at Purplsoc: David West, Peter Baumgartner, Christian Kohls, Helmut Leitner, Hajo Neis, Till Schummer.

    This digest was created in real-time during the meeting, based on the speaker’s presentation(s) and comments from the audience. The content should not be viewed as an official transcript of the meeting, but only as an interpretation by a single individual. Lapses, grammatical errors, and typing mistakes may not have been corrected. Questions about content should be directed to the originator. The digest has been made available for purposes of scholarship, posted on the Coevolving Innovations web site by David Ing.

    At PURPLSOC (Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change) 2015, Danube University Krems, Austria

    Introduction by Christian Kohls


    [David West, New Mexico Highland University, at InfoQ, on O’Reilly]

    Purplsoc: panel

    Alexander at OOPSLA:

    • Only 10% of world is impacted by architects
    • Software developers, however, will impact 100% of the world
    • Doing a horrible job
    • When was the last time someone liked the software they use in the office

    [Peter Baumgartner, Danube U. Krems]

    Found the book in the library, why is it so special?

    • Vision:  to build a society that is alive and whole
    • Vision, yet open

    [Hajo Neis, University of Oregon]

    Alexander works with participation

    • On other projects, different situations
    • What are you really responsible?   More for the building, or the owner?  For architects, it’s the building.

    [Helmut Leitner, HLS Software Development]

    Feeling of wholeness

    • Working on generalizing
    • People as part of nature
    • If think outside of architecture, there’s a conflict
    • Everyone is a designer
    • Hundreds of contexts

    Purplsoc: panel

    [Till Schummer, FernUniversität in Hagen] As computer science, ethics from pattern definition

    • Most computer people read solution to a problem in context, and they’re done
    • Without ever doing the same way twice?
    • Taking the intelligence of the business seriously.
    • When we think aobut creating reality, remind us of our limitations

    [Christian Kohls, Cologne University of Applied Sciences] Responsibility to the design, or to push the design?

    [Till Schummer] Can get a new start to communications

    • From people, to people
    • Better for describing their needs
    • Patterns as an ethical solution method
    • See all viewpoints, then see most important
    • Would be better as wholistic

    [Helmut Leitner] Responsibility is shared, in higher or lesser degree.

    • How to codevelop, be co-responsive in processes

    [Hajo Neis] Alexander was pushing the building to better, beyond limits, where clients didn’t want to go

    • Pushing the envelope for fantastic buildings
    • One for the homeless people
    • Cutting edge of new technologies, pleasant designs like fountains, trees
    • Dining hall with truss, in the middle of concrete that was shotgun, never done before, not expensive
    • Was done in ways for only rich clients, but in this case, was building for poor people
    • Chris was pushing:  is that ethical to push clients to the limit?
    • In the end, building is unique

    [Christian Kohls] Was hearing about participation, everyone being a designer

    • What if conflicts are not resolved?

    [Hajo Neis] In architecture’s office, of 10 projects, only 2 get built

    • Chris pushed, beyond client’s wants
    • Chris refused to work with developers, it’s contention
    • Success came with multiple projects, always pushing the envelope in some direction

    [Peter Baumgartner] Push the envelope, stick with ideals

    • Way to success in the long term

    [David West]:  Recent

    • Computer science is 60 years old
    • Psychology is a bit older
    • Political theory is maybe 100 years old
    • Everyone wanted to be like physics
    • Wanted to be computer science, not computer arts
    • Wanted laws
    • Unfortunately, they are still stuck on pure science, the fact that they blast people out of the sky doesn’t matter
    • Computer science the same:  it doesn’t matter if I build a system that will be hacked, I was just doing my job
    • Computer science is inward-looking, only interested in the computer, not interested in the domain
    • Making everyone’s life miserable
    • Work with a friend who is creating programs who put tweets out in the world that are created by machine; clients are governments and corporate; he says he’s just doing pure science
    • Everyone is a designer, has a responsibility

    [Christian Kohls] Can you really say something is ethical or not?

    [David West]:  Studied cultural anthropology, understand there are not absolutes

    • However, we can recognize Quality Without a Name across cultures:  it’s beautiful or ugly
    • Suggest there some similar things in the ethical realm
    • Amongst friends, know when someone crosses the line (including the person that crosses)
    • Don’t have to bring a standard, just work as human beings on what makes us happy and sad

    Purplsoc: panel with Hajo Neis, Helmut Leitner, Till Schummer

    [Till Schummer] Computer science students seem to be getting more disconnected from ethics

    • See this in physics-driven attitude
    • Just doing what is asked, not looking at values
    • Wish it had been more explicit
    • Alexander’s last book:  some passages become very personal, very religious
    • If had put this in the first book, it would have made a big difference

    [Audience] As soon as split matter and mind, ethics is something you add on

    [Hajo Neis] Physicists working within their framework

    • Christopher Alexander would say doing this, trying to get to a higher order
    • Might take a risk: someone might not get paid
    • Was never going that direction implied

    [David West] Often wished that patterns had gotten a wider audience, outside of computer science

    • It’s a lot of an issue with computer science
    • Education system is a problem:  almost all universities have abandoned their pre-1900 principles (while Europe still hides it)
    • Ethics doesn’t come from me, it comes from us
    • Alexander says this:  people build their own houses
    • Few work on complex problems alone

    [Helmut Leitner] In worst case, people could take pattern language for profit, rather than quality without a name

    • Search problem:  need a way to figure out which are better, and which are worse
    • Most patterns are found, not written
    • Heritage doesn’t belong to a single person
    • A tool can be used in the way intended, or misused

    [Audience] Early in Alexander:  value is not outside the world, apart

    • Turnstiles at BART station
    • Value of country?
    • Work is not a process that is relaxed, often conflictual within the group, and with forces outside the group.
    • This is something that is welcome, and important
    • Truth gets out
    • Alexander got accepted at Cambridge, for an experiement everyone else was fudging the result

    [Christian Kohls]  Is there a truth?

    • Not my quality?
    • Both sides are wrong, in a small way.  Just not smart enough to accommodate, in another solution out there, that no one else is searching for.

    [Peter Baumgartner] A common objective, we are torn apart

    • The issue of wholeness
    • Agenda;  wholeness and decision isn’t important
    • This may be important in the future
    • Correspondence from Alexander:  he opens the door, and asks to explore
    • We have to explore what wholeness really is

    [Audience] Responsibility

    • Work at IBM, are situations where responsible acting is difficult
    • Higher bureaucracy makes it less important
    • It’s a character of large organizations, e.g. military or government
    • If acting on a business basis, easier to hide responsibility in large organizations

    [Audience] Things that are value-free, and the value comes from the culture?

    • Don’t think that that’s true
    • In any object, there’s value
    • It’s not the truth, it’s a truth
    • Could have many truths
    • When talking about a project, we are superficial and convenient to find a result for the value
    • We need fast results, we forget about the search for truth
    • We are very convenient, and pressed to be fast
    • It’s still worthwhile to look at these things
    • e.g. financial systems:  what is the material, what are they doing, it’s not just about quick fixes and wins
    • What is money for?  It’s not a simple thing
    • There is a truth, not just one truth
    • There are things worth searching for

    [Christian Kohls] Culture or situation?

    [Audience] Hard to find one truth

    • Was looking for the quality without a name
    • A piece of work, health, in building a time
    • Bring in more life:  keep within this?
    • Easier to test for life, than for truth
    • Comparison
    • Not enough in ethics in the pattern language
    • We don’t have to discuss ethics?
    • Does it create life, or foster life?

    [Dave West] The truth is not a fixed thing

    • Not only is it contextualized
    • First called fit, then quality without a name, living, then unfolding wholeness
    • Unless have a history of ideas, then it’s easy for Alexander to say that this was the truth
    • Christians and Muslims gradually elevated women from property to individuals, but if don’t know that history, then will read it wrong

    [Hajo Neis] Modify the question?

    • In buildings we do, rank it as four-star building?
    • A lot of people respond to buildings
    • They may think it’s old

    [Audience] Money or help the world?

    • People criticizing the machine, the game
    • It’s hard to be part of that system, but are still in it
    • Alexander was outside the system
    • As philosophers say leadership that doesn’t come from the outside, it comes from people who are willing to play.
    • Trying to bring in money, rather than saying just won’t be involved
    • Are we really playing the game we espouse?
    • If not involving self, don’t have the right to change

    [Audience] Comment on book

    • When making the money, pushing the envelope or pushing the system?
    • Deterministic or holistic value
    • From computer, everything as numerically defined
    • From architecture, wasn’t as well described, except for Alexander
    • The value systems switch from time where controlling more and morea about the natural world, and consuming more is part of the natural world?
    • Producing ever more with ever less
    • We’re stuck inside systems

    [Till Schummer] it’s all about fixing the separatness

    • Estrangement, hope to be fixed
    • Would like to see toolkit
    • No universal truth, there’s individual culture
    • Patterns could very personal, e.g. type of world that I’m associated with

    [Audience] Changing philosophy

    • Alexander shift over the years
    • When Quality without a Name was being presented, the idea presentended the idea that human of a whole
    • Patterns not telling you what to do, it allows you to do what you want
    • Cities were build for people to make money, and also live life
    • Need a primary motive

    [Audience] Role of System A to destroy the foundations on earth

    • Not relativistic
    • Role of System B has to be broken for systems to survive
    • Easy to get eaten up
    • Hard to get system A and system B to cooperate
    • Needs a place to grow, outside of a system A
    • Things can grow without permanent properties

    [Helmut Leitner] Thoughts about truth as a concept

    • Philosophy is 100s of years old
    • Nature of society, Karl Popper can’t
    • Truth is what you write down

    [Audience] Alexander asked, what are you good at?

    • Good at listening
    • Then asked, what makes you feel good?
    • Know what the truth is

    [Hajo Neis]:  Asking a question outside scope

    • System A goes to large projects, it’s started to destroy the world
    • Then can argue with good or evil
    • e.g. climate change has a different set of values

    [Audience] People have flown from all around the world to this conference

    • Can’t separate from the world

    [Audience] System A and System B will be with us for a long time

    • Question of balance
    • At Berkeley, was doing a class in software development
    • Highest investment
    • Wrote a paper, had to do a development project
    • Did a design that seemed reasonably whole, then did calculation
    • But wouldn’t get acceptance
    • e.g. 15% to affordable housing

    [Audience] There are people who will take less than 5%

    • Don’t have to say developers don’t exist, they should be okay with less thtn 205

    [Audience] Basic rule of management, every project begins with a divergent system, ends iwht convergent.

    No system works by itself

    [Audience] Don’t believe young generation has less cultural force

    [Dave West]  Questions shifted to human and social systems, which are complex, and easy to destroy

    • How do you know if the systems changes will destroy the system, or improve
    • Case where replacing stone axes with steel axes destroyed the culture
    • Utopia societies don’t survive 3 generations, some survived 2

    [Till Schummer] Utopia, not as a total world system, it’s a potential being in this life

    • Related to the personal environment
    • Doesn’t require top-down change, can be bottom-up
    • Started off thinking about patterns as recipes, could quickly follow and make good software
    • Then, discovered it’s about communications towards learning
    • Now, even learning is not the main focus
    • it’s a catalog towards developing a personal utopia
    • Not a fixed utopia, it’s an interest that you’re moving towards

    [Audience] Human beings are an invasive species

    • It’s great to try to improve systems, but it will take some destructive force to bring us back to equilibrium
    • Life will become harder

    [David West] Try to figure out how to rise from the ashes?

    [Audience] Believe in intentional community, we are the children of a great community of 20 years

    • Community has taught strategy-seeking
    • May not have freedom that I used to, but to have choices
    • Pattern language was an educational and interactive tool
    • Should go back to pattern language development projects, and ask if the people living there are happy
    • Think about generating choices, not just designing choices

    [Audience] How do you influence a complex system?  It’s a living thing, like a child.  You don’t direct it, you influence its environment

    • In sustainability, money hasn’t been part of the solution, it’s taboo

    [Christian Kohls] How can Christopher Alexander help the world?  Wholeness?

    [Till Schummer] The invitation to believe the world doesn’t have to be perfect

    • Connection between people, and with environment

    [Helmut Leitner] Christopher Alexander gives us a way to think about systems

    • Could take some time, maybe generations
    • Basic orientention given by Christopher Alexander, supporting life as best we can

    [Hajo Neis] Best from Christopher Alexander:  go off by yourself, and find out for yourself

    • Deep structure

    [Peter Baumgartner] Community growth is important.

    [Dave West] Challenge

    • Christopher Alexander was conflicted
    • Scientist, and Catholic mystic
    • Can you really understand Alexander, without understanding the mystical order?
    • Can you attain the experience of truth and he saw it, and then hear him say “everything I told you was wrong”
    • Embrace your inner mystic.
     
  • daviding 7:17 pm on July 16, 2015 Permalink | Reply
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    2015/07/04 14:45 Wolfgang Rang, “Early Experiments with A Pattern Language”, Purplsoc 

    Presentation at Purplsoc, Wolfgang Rang, at Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences and at Atelier Rang.

    This digest was created in real-time during the meeting, based on the speaker’s presentation(s) and comments from the audience. The content should not be viewed as an official transcript of the meeting, but only as an interpretation by a single individual. Lapses, grammatical errors, and typing mistakes may not have been corrected. Questions about content should be directed to the originator. The digest has been made available for purposes of scholarship, posted by David Ing.

    At PURPLSOC (Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change) 2015, Danube University Krems, Austria


    Decades ago, first tried pattern language in Mexicali

    Followed experiment by Christopher Alexander in Lima, Peru

    • Accommodating squatters
    • Architects were invited to try
    • Minority junior opinion was Christopher Alexander’s was the only approach that would solve problem, all others had prefab

    In 1975, Christopher Alexander and Howard Davis went to Mexicali, at the invitation of the government of Baja California

    Pattern language, shaping human life and buildings

    Language

    • Words, images and numbers
    • Images have to speak, in a community that doesn’t read
    • Largely using images that come from the past
    • An essence
    • Numbers normally doing with physiology, e.g. lights
    • Open space that is intimate shouldn’t be closer than 20m apart
    • Circles important to children to learn pi
    • Text

    Value statements that are supported by empirical research gathered as evidence for their validity.

    • Can draw from pattern language in the 1970s

    Project completed in 1977, joined project in January 1976

    • Many came to the border town
    • People would build with local materials, e.g. adobe blocks, that would serve 3 or 4 people, would change over time
    • When return 8 years later, buildings were gone

    Started with 8 families participating

    • They would work with pattern language, and no two would be the same

    First stake out spaces on the land

    • Disappointed that families didn’t develop the patterns differently
    • Replace stakes with concrete blocks
    • Excavation took place

    Wolfgang Rang

     
  • daviding 7:13 pm on July 16, 2015 Permalink | Reply
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    2015/07/04 13:50 Thomas Hruschka and Wolfgang Stark, “EcoBusiness Plan Vienna:  An Organizational Pattern Language for Networking Sustainability In and Between Companies”, Purplsoc 

    Presentation at Purplsoc, Thomas Hruschka and Wolfgang Stark, ÖkoBusinessPlan Wien

    This digest was created in real-time during the meeting, based on the speaker’s presentation(s) and comments from the audience. The content should not be viewed as an official transcript of the meeting, but only as an interpretation by a single individual. Lapses, grammatical errors, and typing mistakes may not have been corrected. Questions about content should be directed to the originator. The digest has been made available for purposes of scholarship, posted by David Ing.

    At PURPLSOC (Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change) 2015, Danube University Krems, Austria


    [Thomas Hruschka]

    (See June 2014 presentation on Prezi in English, or a June 2015 presentation on Prezi in German)

    Purplsoc: Wolfgang Stark, Thomas Hruschka

    Pattern language in business plans

    • Eco Business Plan Vienna started in 1998

    After a year, thought should have a strategic process

    Goals:  Improvement of environmental situation, better performance of enterprises and industries in Vienna

    Partnership between stakeholders, betwen participating enterprises, Vienna and other cities

    Focus on Municipal Department on the Environmental Protection

    • Companies can save EUR savings operating costs
    • Measure water, waste, (hazardous, non-hazardous), CO2, energy, transportation
    • Every 4 years, have to go parliament to request subsidies

    Structure:

    • Program management, 2 people
    • Advisory board:  environmental protection, unions, workers
    • Consultants go into companies, we pay them:  environment management schemes, eco labels
    • Companies have to make measures, measure them, and achieve

    Companies choose from pool of consultants, who work on the free market (most fees paid by Business Plan)

    • Individual consultants do workshops
    • Validate
    • Database of environmental measures

    In number of businesses, of 85,000

    Companies are more friendly to eco

    Then met Wolfgang

    [Wolfgang Stark]

    Heard that Eco Business Plan for 15 years, but don’t know why successful

    Most of the time, implicit memory, oral history

    • Could try to find out success factors

    Series of workshops

    • People from environmental

    Decided to develop using pattern language

    Started out thinking would introduce idea, and then write patterns

    • Did this for 2 workshops, discovered it’s a very slow process
    • Hard to generate
    • Then maybe more helpful to use the short form card deck
    • Now have 30 to 35 patterns, not quite a language, it’s a pattern card deck
    • In the last workshop, started to play with cards
    • Have had GroupWorks around, and kind of reinvented them
    • Working with card deck, can work with own implicit knowledge, quick to start in innovating new products or services

    In next three weeks, will try using these patterns for the strategic process

    Maps of patterns in 6 pattern families

    • Roles
    • Consulting
    • Companies

    Duckburg (from Donald Duck)

    • Players have all different roles

    Clear view:

    • For external consultancy, to avoid operational blindness

    Soft, sweet and different

    • Qualitative data not shown by traditional reporting, hard facts as well as soft facts

    EBP version 5.0

    • have three thematic modules and three methodic boni

    OkoBuisnessPlan Wien 5.0

     
  • daviding 7:11 pm on July 16, 2015 Permalink | Reply
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    2015/07/04 11:30, Hiroshi Nakano, “Japanese Spirituality and Pattern Language”, Purplsoc 

    Presentation at Purplsoc, Hiroshi Nakano, Center for Environmental Structure Tokyo

    This digest was created in real-time during the meeting, based on the speaker’s presentation(s) and comments from the audience. The content should not be viewed as an official transcript of the meeting, but only as an interpretation by a single individual. Lapses, grammatical errors, and typing mistakes may not have been corrected. Questions about content should be directed to the originator. The digest has been made available for purposes of scholarship, posted on the Coevolving Innovations web site by David Ing.

    At PURPLSOC (Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change) 2015, Danube University Krems, Austria


    [Hiro Nakano]

    Worked 30 years ago on construction of the Eishin high school

    Talking today about deep structure in pattern language

    • Japanese spirituality, but could mean any culture

    Gauguin: From where to we come from?  What are we? To where are we going?

    • Had issues with government officials in tsunami area

    Christopher Alexander started career with question:  What causes beauty?

    Part of movie by Kurosawa

    • Beauty comes from a spirituality

    Japanese Spirituality, A Zen Life, D. T. Suzuki

    • Every object, either organic or non-organic, has a life essence
    • Difference is only more or less of the degree

    Have to take a look at the way of making language

    Project language:

    • From pattern book and patterns
    • Mix with local patterns
    • Call this a project language, which becomes a center of the whole

    Pattern language is a part of the whole

    Project language leads to an actual realization

    Why do we need centers?

    • e.g. a hand is a kind of foot
    • A fist is also a hand, which is also a center

    If can make a good narrative story out of patterns, like a centering process

    • Aggregate to make stronger and stronger
    • Can start at any moment

    Two sides:  from the side of process; from the side of form

    • Vision to Pattern to Centering process to Quality Pattern Language to a Project Language

    In projects:

    • Center 1 natural environment
    • Center 2 gate to shopping street
    • Center 3
    • Center 4

    Centering process is a path, oriented towards form

    Idea isn’t the battle

    • It’s a big stream at present
    • Could have branches off the side
    • Should be able to reconcile or compromise between System A and System B

    Cartoon Museum Krems, Hiroshi Nakano

     

     
  • daviding 6:02 pm on July 16, 2015 Permalink | Reply
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    2015/07/04 11:05, Taichi Isaku, “The Cooking Language:  Applying the Theory of Properties and Patterns into Cooking”, Purplsoc 

    Presentation at Purplsoc, Taichi Isaku, Keio U.

    This digest was created in real-time during the meeting, based on the speaker’s presentation(s) and comments from the audience. The content should not be viewed as an official transcript of the meeting, but only as an interpretation by a single individual. Lapses, grammatical errors, and typing mistakes may not have been corrected. Questions about content should be directed to the originator. The digest has been made available for purposes of scholarship, posted by David Ing.

    At PURPLSOC (Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change) 2015, Danube University Krems, Austria


    [Taichi Isaku, slides at http://www.slideshare.net/taichiisaku/the-cooking-language-extending-the-theory-of-pattens-for-a-new-way-to-cook]

    Pattern Writing for Creativity and Cooking

    Recipe

    • Usually Name, ingredients, steps

    Recipe has limitation:

    • Out of daily contexts:  most people don’t need a recipte
    • Lack of creativity: Just following the directions exactly isn’t creative

    Recipes will continue, but need a new way to be more creative

    Cooking language

    • Focuses on a single food item, and names the ways it would be used in cooking

    Ontology:  sublanguages with cooking words

    • e.g. egg language, onion language, tofu language
    • Cooking words:  egg language has taste trap, yolk glaze, egg sauce, taste sponge

    If I have an egg in the fridge, what can I cook with this?

    Two page spread:

    • Left, picture
    • Right:  context and explanation

    19 egg words

    • Egg sauce: the yolk of the egg can become a sauce for bread or rice
    • Yolk glaze:  you can paint some yolk, when baked, it will become a glaze

    3 uses:

    • A source for ideas
    • Guideline for making cooking deicsions
    • Tool to analyze dishes by others

    e.g. katsu-don has egg as a clinging veil

    Can cook soup and use the eggs as a Taste Sponge

    Links to Alexander:

    • Wholeness
    • Centers
    • Centers exists chiefly in relation to the Wholeness

    Reinterpret to cooking

    • The dish as whole
    • Ingredients as centers

    The ingredients define the dish

    • The dish defines the role of the ingredients

    Cooking words aren’t exactly patterns

    • Some scientific problems, some are because they make it taste good

    Want to make a connection with the previous pattern language

    Alexander;  wholeness includes cultural aspects

    Taichi Isaku

     
  • daviding 5:58 pm on July 16, 2015 Permalink | Reply
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    2015/07/04 10:30, Hajo Neis and Perrin Wright, “Up and Out:  Oregon Tsunami Wayfinding Survival Language”, Purplsoc 

    Presentation at Purplsoc, Hajo Neis and Perrin Wright, Department of Architecture, U. of Oregon

    This digest was created in real-time during the meeting, based on the speaker’s presentation(s) and comments from the audience. The content should not be viewed as an official transcript of the meeting, but only as an interpretation by a single individual. Lapses, grammatical errors, and typing mistakes may not have been corrected. Questions about content should be directed to the originator. The digest has been made available for purposes of scholarship, posted on the Coevolving Innovations web site by David Ing.

    At PURPLSOC (Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change) 2015, Danube University Krems, Austria


    [Hajo Neis, see official 2014 report for Oregon Office of Emergency Management at http://www.oregon.gov/OMD/OEM/pages/plans_train/tsunamis.aspx#Tsunami_Evacuation_Wayfinding]

    Oregon:  subject to tsunami

    Normally work just on pattern language in architecture

    • Wanted to work across disciplines

    Tsunami is a series of waves

    Video:  destruction unfolding

    • Scale of 300 km

    Triple disaster

    • 1. Earthquake
    • 2. Tsunami
    • 3. Nuclear disaster (man made)

    Tohuku City

    2013 Tamura City, Architecture Institute of Japan, International and Urban Design Workshop

    • 20 km zone
    • Smaller zone, but couldn’t sleep there at night
    • If more than 10 m high, survived; otherwise killed

    Started some studios on Regenerative Design

    Post Tsunami Community Redevelopment, Chennai, India

    Fury and Fragility, Nadia Koska, developed an infrastructure design

    Survival Language Pattern Language, Tomoki Furukawazono

    In June 2015, within 24 hours, had 7 earthquakes in the Pacific Ocean just off Oregon coast, at 5 and 6 Richter scale

    • A Richter 7, get tsunami

    [Perrin Wright]

    Tsunami is caused by earthquakes

    • Magnitude and location determine shape of wave

    60 mile Cascadia Subduction Zone

    • 4-7 minutes of aftershock, then 18-22 minutes before tsunami

    Wayfinding is the process of determining and following a path or route

    • 18 to 22 minutes later with no roads, no signs

    Study site:  Cannon Beach

    Evacuation route signs

    Tried at night

    Phase 1:  A Survival Language (from Iba’s work)

    Before, during, and after:  Preparation, evacuation, response

    Have been trying two routes with two cities

    Want to find a Wayfinding Chain

    • Creating universal signs

    Hajo Neis, University of Oregon, Department of Architecture

     
  • daviding 5:51 pm on July 16, 2015 Permalink | Reply
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    2015/07/04 08:30, Takashi Iba “Pattern Language 3.0 and Fundamental Behavioral Properties”, Purplsoc 

    Plenary at Purplsoc, Takashi Iba @taka_iba, Faculty of Policy Management, Keio University

    This digest was created in real-time during the meeting, based on the speaker’s presentation(s) and comments from the audience. The content should not be viewed as an official transcript of the meeting, but only as an interpretation by a single individual. Lapses, grammatical errors, and typing mistakes may not have been corrected. Questions about content should be directed to the originator. The digest has been made available for purposes of scholarship, posted on the Coevolving Innovations web site by David Ing.

    At PURPLSOC (Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change) 2015, Danube University Krems, Austria

    Day introduction by Richard Sickinger

    •     (Waiting 5 minutes for people who are from other timezones, to start)

    Introduction

    • Active in pattern community fo the last year

    [Takashi Iba, slides posted at http://www.slideshare.net/takashiiba/pattern-language-30-and-fundamental-behavioral-properties-takashi-iba-purplsoc15-keynote-2015]

    With students, over 10 years, have published 2500+ patterns

    Purplsoc: Takashi Iba

    Frontiers of pattern language method: Social, communication ways in pattern language

    • 1. New domains
    • 2. New process
    • 3. News ways
    • 4. New tools
    • 5. New theory

    1. New domains for pattern language

    • Was proposed in architecture
    • Then used in software patterns, started by Kent Beck and Ward Cunningham
    • Gang of Four Design Pattern language is a kind of pattern language, not like architectural pattern languages
    • Many books in software patterns
    • Many conferences
    • Pedagogical patterns (Joseph Bergin) and fearless change patterns (Mary Lynn Manns and Linda Rising)
    • 2014 Learning Papers, 40 patterns for designing one way of creative learning

    Used pattern language originally to support curriculum development in 2008

    • Pattern 1: Opportunity for Learning
    • Pattern 2: Learning by Creating
    • Pattern 3:  Talking Thinker
    • Pattern 28:  Community of Learning
    • 2011, Presentation Patterns

    New genre of pattern languages, not in software (generation 2) or architecture (generation 1)

    So, propose third generation pattern language on human action

    Object of design

    • PL1 Physical forms
    • PL2 Non-physical forms
    • PL3 Forms of human action

    Since then, have created many pattern languages

    Collaboration Patterns:  A Pattern Language for Creative Collaborations

    Change Making Patterns: A Pattern Language for Fostering Social Entrepreneurship, Sumire Nakamura, Eri Shimomukai

    Survival Language: A Pattern Language for Surviving Earthquakes, Tomoki Furukawazono

    Words for a Journey: The Art of Being With Dementia

    • Expect 3 types of readers:  people with dementia, families, network of companies or government

    Strange application domain?  Important.  First in the welfare domain, close to Alexander’s motivation of creating quality

    • Alexander 1985:  the house is no longer an “object” which is manufactured, but a thing of love, which is nurtured, made, grown and personal

    Book was published in Japan

    • In bookstore, article in Asahi Shimbun, Kanagawa Times, Sankei Shimbun

    Last year, started Pattern Language 3.0 Seminar Series for Industry

    • About 30 companies, including Toyota, Fujitsu, BNP

    Advising on Pattern Language 3.0 in Government Offices

    • For Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry

    Have Pattern Language 3.0 for Kids, based on presentation patterns, to improve classroom discussion

    2. New Process of creating pattern language

    • Alexander not interested in designing pattern language?  Need to open the black box

    Practices in the software patterns community

    • Shepherding
    • Writer’s workshop

    Holistic pattern mining

    • Early, need to mine patterns
    • Brainstorming, discuss
    • 1. Element mining
    • 2. Visual clustering
    • 3. Seed making

    Video:  Holistic Pattern Mining, the case of collaboration patterns (2012) at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=plpwld6dIms

    • 360 elements created in 7 hours
    • Clustering, 19 hours over 4 days
    • Then revisions over 2 months

    This is a way of developing a pattern language as a whole

    • In software, have tended to do a small number of patterns added slowly over years, miss the vision of the whole

    Mining interview and mining workshop

    • Interviewed families of people with dementia
    • Blue post-its are potential solutions, yellow as potential problems

    Pattern illustrating

    • Illustration complements text
    • (Re-)drew 500 illustrations for 34 patterns

    Last year, 3 girls created Pattern Illustrating Patterns

    Another book, A Tale of Pattern Illustrating

    Pattern Writing Sheet, for beginners, available on the web at http://creativeshift.jp/sheet/

    Creating Own Pattern Language for Kids, in cooperation with Kazuo Tsukahara (teacher)

    • Kids design own homework

    3. New Process of creating pattern languages

    • For piecemeal growth of knowledge
    • How to learn patterns, and how to learn how to use pattern languages

    Dialogue Workshop with Pattern Language

    • Using patterns to trigger / discuss
    • Worked with 6000 both in Japan, and outside
    • Patterns that have experienced, and then look for others experiences
    • Used with 900 freshmen at Keio U. every year

    Pattern Language as a Vocabulary for Communication

    Planning and reflection with a Pattern Language

    Idea Generation with Pattern Language

    4. New tools for Pattern Language

    Learning Pattern Cards at http://www.amazon.com/CreativeShift-Learning-Pattern-Cards/dp/B00NBEGXPS

    • Workshop for high school students
    • Workshop for high school teachers

    Collaboration Pattern Cards at http://www.amazon.com/CreativeShift-Collaboration-Pattern-Cards/dp/B00NBEFLGK

    A web system to utilize pattern language:  Beauty

    Stickers of patterns

    5. New Theory on Pattern Language (presentation tomorrow)

    Alexander proposed 15 geometrical properties

    Now studying 24 fundamental behavioral properties

    Why difficult to apply?

    • 1. Finding the mechanism behind the patters
    • 2. Refined and revised the properties
    • 3. Describing behavioral properties

    Have Generative Films at http://generativefilms.org

    Fundamental Behavioral Properties can be used when pattern mining

     

     
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