Russell Ackoff saw disciples produced by gurus as different from learners produced by educators.
“A guru produces disciples, and a discipline, and a doctrine,” he says. “If you are a follower of a guru, you don’t go beyond his thoughts, you accept his thoughts. He gives you the questions and the answers – it’s an end to thought. An educator is exactly the opposite,” he says. “You take off where he sets you up for the next set of questions. One is open-ended, the other is closed. Most consultants are gurus. They are ‘experts’, not educators.”
Anti-guru of joined-up management | Feb. 8, 2007 | Telegraph at http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/2803955/Anti-guru-of-joined-up-management.html.